|ASHA: Spasmodic Dysphonia|
A consumer-oriented SD primer, focusing on the characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of the condition. Published by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.
|Botox Injection for Laryngeal Spasmodic Dysphonia|
Illustrated primer on the most common SD treatment, presented by the Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Washington School of Medicine. Covered topics include an injection procedure for adductor SD and possible complications of Botox therapy.
|Dextromethorphan to Treat Patients with Voice Spasms|
A Maryland-based clinical study comparing the effects of dextromethorphan, lorazepam, and placebo in individuals with spasmodic dysphonia, muscular tension dysphonia, or vocal tremor. Background and participation details are offered by the National Library of Medicine's ClinicalTrials.gov site.
|Dystonia Ireland: Spasmodic Dysphonia|
A primer on SD, presented by Dystonia Ireland -- a Dublin- based charity supporting patients and families affected by forms of dystonia.
|eMedicine - Spasmodic Dysphonia|
Peer-reviewed article on the medical and surgical management of SD, co-authored by Darius Bliznikas, MD and Soly Baredes, MD.
|I Have Spasmodic Dysphonia|
Lani Estepa's personal story, accompanied by links to SD support organizations.
|Johns Hopkins Center for Laryngeal and Voice Disorders: Spasmodic Dysphonia|
Introduction to the symptoms and treatment of spasmodic dysphonia, enhanced by Quicktime movies of vocal cords before and after Botox therapy for adductor SD.
|National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association|
Resources for patients and professionals, including multimedia demonstrations of SD, descriptions of available therapies, information on a financial-assistance program for patients who require Botox, and listings for dystonia specialists, support groups, and upcoming events.
|Neurological Concomitants in Spasmodic Dysphonia|
Review of neurological conditions that may accompany Spasmodic Dysphonia, with background information on the differential diagnosis and treatment of SD. Authored by Lyn Dee Harrelson of New Mexico State University's Communication Disorders Program.
|New York Eye & Ear Infirmary: Spasmodic Dysphonia|
Fact sheets dedicated to SD and its treatment, accompanied by pointers to research reports and information concerning a related clinical trial that is being conducted at the Infirmary.